Houseplants make great gifts! For the best houseplants to give as gifts at Monroe's best delivered prices, call on the houseplant professionals at Monroe County Flowers. With third generation florist experience, we select beautiful houseplants of all kinds to send to your loved ones. Delivery within Monroe County, MI is included with every order!
For the best flowers for your loved ones in the Monroe MI area, call on the flower experts at Monroe County Flowers. We are third generation local florists serving Monroe and the following towns:
Dundee, Carleton, Erie, Newport, S Rockwood, LaSalle, Maybee, Ida, Luna Pier, Temperance, Lamberville
Houseplants are commonly grown for decorative purposes, positive psychological effects, or health reasons such as indoor air purification. Plants used in this fashion are most commonly, though not always, tropical or semi-tropical. In Monroe MI, you can find house plants at many local stores and flower shops, but for delivery of a beautiful house plant to your loved one to any location within the county of Monroe Michigan, the florists at Monroe County flowers are the ones to call.
Major factors that should be considered when caring for houseplants are moisture, light, soil mixture, temperature, humidity, fertilizers, potting, and pest control. The following includes some general guidelines for houseplant care. For specific houseplant needs, care information may be found widely online and in books.
Watering your houseplant: Both under-watering and
over-watering can be detrimental to a houseplant. The best way to determine
whether a plant needs water is to check the soil moisture. Feeling the soil is
most reliable, since moisture meters are often inaccurate. Most potted plants in
Monroe must be allowed to reach an appropriate level of dryness in between
waterings, though the amount of watering required varies greatly depending on
the species. Proper soil moisture can range from still slightly moist on the
soil surface to very dry to nearly the bottom of the pot. Watering a plant by
the calendar is not recommended. If a plant does need to be watered, water
should be slowly poured over the surface of the soil until it begins to drain
out the bottom of the pot, ensuring complete saturation. However, sometimes the
soil separates from the sides of the pot if it is allowed to dry out thoroughly,
allowing the water to flow down the sides of the rootball and out the bottom too
quickly to be absorbed and retained by the soil and roots. If this is the case,
it may be necessary to set the plant in a shallow dish of water long enough for
it to soak up enough water to moisten the rootball to its center. Repotting can
eliminate this problem.
Houseplant lighting: Different plants require different light intensities. Intensity (or quality) of light is difficult to measure without a light meter. It is usually measured in units of lux. 100 lux or less is usually considered "low intensity" or "indirect" lighting. A bright office has about 400 lux of illumination. 1,000 lux or more is usually considered "high intensity" lighting. Direct outdoor sunlight is in the range 32,000-100,000 lux. Foot-candles are also occasionally used. The duration of light exposure is as important as the intensity. Quality exposure of 8 to 16 hours is ideal for most plants. The reaction of plants to the length of day in Monroe must also be considered, since some plants such as Poinsettia are influenced by either decreasing or increasing daylight hours. Windows are the most common sources of light for houseplants. In Monroe MI, south-facing windows have the most sun exposure, while western, eastern, and north-facing windows have progressively less exposure. Natural sunlight through windows is affected by seasonal changes, cloud cover, and window treatments. The length of time that light is provided will determine how the plant grows. Providing 16 hours of light/day will promote strong roots, stems and abundant leaves. Decreasing that amount to 12 hours of light/day will signal that the short days of Winter are coming so the plant energy will focus more on flower production and less on green growth.
Houseplant soil: Houseplants are generally grown in specialized soils called potting compost or potting soil, not in local natural soil in Monroe. A good potting compost mixture includes soil conditioners to provide the plant with nutrients, support, adequate drainage, and proper aeration. Most potting composts contain a combination of peat and vermiculite or perlite. A nutrient rich compost can usually be bought wherever potted plants are sold. If natural Monroe MI soil is to be used, it should first be heat sterilized by placing the soil in an oven at 90 °C (200 °F) for at least 30 minutes. This will ensure that the soil does not contain any harmful bacteria. Most Monroe area soils, especially those with a high proportion of clay, do not drain well enough to be a suitable growing medium for houseplants. Coir or peat is used to increase aeration and make heavy soils more absorbent. Vermiculite and perlite aid in drainage in a soil mixture. Perlite is recommended over vermiculite because it does not break down as easily. A coarse grade sand or grit can be used as a substitute for a drainage mechanism if needed. These three ingredients can be mixed in varying ratios to create different potting soil types. For a plant that requires fast drainage, such as a cactus, use plenty of coarse sand, grit or perlite. For a plant that requires plenty of moisture, use more coir. A good all purpose soil mixture is 2 parts coir and 1 part perlite or vermiculite. A so-called "heavy soil mix" will contain sterilized soil, milled sphagnum moss or coir, and perlite in equal proportions. It is also possible to make a soil mixture that actually contains no soil by mixing equal parts peat moss and perlite (or vermiculite). The soiless mixture will retain more moisture.
Houseplant humidity: Most houseplants are tropical species selected for their adaptation to growth in a climate which ranges from 60 °F to 80 °F, similar to the temperature in most Monroe MI homes and businesses. Humidity is slightly more difficult to control than temperature. The more commonly used houseplants have established that they can survive in low humidity environments as long as their roots are kept properly irrigated. Most plants thrive in 80% relative humidity while most homes in Monroe MI are usually kept around 20% to 60% relative humidity. Besides buying a humidifier, there are a few things that can be done to increase humidity around houseplants. The most popular methods used to raise the ambient humidity are misting and pebble trays, which are shallow trays covered with pebbles and filled with water that evaporates to increase humidity. Other methods of raising humidity include grouping plants closely together and not placing plants in drafty areas. Misting is somewhat controversial among gardeners, some that swear by it and others that say it does little to increase humidity around plants.
Fertilizing houseplants: In a potted environment here in Monroe, soil nutrients can eventually deplete. Adding fertilizer can artificially provide these nutrients. However, adding unnecessary fertilizer can be harmful to the houseplant. Because of this, careful consideration must be taken before fertilizing. If a plant has been in the same potting mix for a year or more and is no longer thriving, then it may be a candidate for nutrient replacement done by using a complete fertilizer at half the recommended label dilution rate. Fertilizers are usually marked with a number such as 20–20–20. These numbers indicate the percentages of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium respectively, the three elements that are needed in the most quantity for plant growth. Nitrogen is essential for green, leafy growth. Phosphorus is essential for flowering or fruiting plants. Potassium is essential for strong roots and increased nutrient uptake. Numbers higher than 15 are usually man-made, chemical fertilizers. Organic fertilizers have a much lower ratio. A 4–2–2 ratio of these elements is usually good for green foliage plants, while a 2–6–4 ratio is usually better for flowering plants. A complete fertilizer will also include the minor and trace elements, such as calcium, magnesium and iron. While variation may occur between brands, a general rule is to mix 1 tablespoon to every gallon of water. In all cases, it is better to under-fertilize than over-fertilize. The diluted mixture is then used to water the plants. The growth of the plants should be monitored to determine if the fertilizer is helping or harming, and how often (if at all) it should be used.
From plants grown for specific occasions such as poinsettias or Christmas cactus to stylish orchids to a nice dish garden, houseplants make a great gift. For the best prices on delivered gift quality houseplants, call on the florist professionals at Monroe County Flowers in Michigan. As a third generation florist, we have the knowledge to make sure your loved ones in Monroe and the surrounding areas (Temperance, Dundee, Petersburg, Ida, Erie, LaSalle, Lambertville, and Carleton) receive a beautiful plant with your message included.